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# STPointToCircularArc

**STPointToCircularArc** — Return a measured point by snapping provided point to the provided CircularString

**Function Specification**

Function [lrs].[STPointToCircularArc] ( @p_circularString geometry, @p_vertex geometry, @p_round_xy int = 3, @p_round_zm int = 2 ) Returns geometry

**Description**

This function snaps supplied point to @p_circularString, returning the snapped point.

Computes Z and M values if exist on @p_circularString.

If input @p_circularString is 2D, length from start of @p_circularString to point is returned in M ordinate of snapped point.

Returned points ordinate values are rounded to @p_round_xy/@p_round_zm decimal digits of precision.

**Notes**

Supports CircularString geometries only.

If @p_point does not fall on CircularString, null is returned.

If @p_point is the same as the centre of the circle formed by the CircularString, the first point in the CircularString is returned.

**Parameters**

@p_circularString (geometry) - (Measured) CircularString with or without Z ordinates. @p_point (geometry) - Point near to linestring. @p_round_xy (int) - Decimal degrees of precision to which calculated XY ordinates are rounded. @p_round_zm (int) - Decimal degrees of precision to which calculated ZM ordinates are rounded.

**Result**

This function computes position of point on CircularString. If @p_point can’t be found on CircularArc, NULL is returned.

**Examples**

select 'Point has relationship with XYZM circular arc' as test, [lrs].[STPointToCircularArc] ( geometry::STGeomFromText('CIRCULARSTRING (3 6.325 -2.1 0, 0 7 -2.1 3.08, -3 6.325 -2.1 6.15)',0), geometry::Point(2,8,0), 3,2).AsTextZM() as project_point union all select 'Point does not have relationship with XYM CircularSring' as test, [lrs].[STPointToCircularArc] ( geometry::STGeomFromText('CIRCULARSTRING (3 6.325 NULL 0, 0 7 NULL 3.08, -3 6.325 NULL 6.15)',0), geometry::Point(8,8,0), 3,2).AsTextZM() as project_point union all select 'Point is on centre of the circular arc' as test, [lrs].[STPointToCircularArc] ( geometry::STGeomFromText('CIRCULARSTRING (3 6.3246 -1, 0 7 -1, -3 6.3246 -1)',0), geometry::Point(0,0,0), 3,2).AsTextZM() as project_point union all select 'Point projects on to point half way along circular arc' as test, [lrs].[STPointToCircularArc] ( geometry::STGeomFromText('CIRCULARSTRING (3 6.3246, 0 7, -3 6.3246)',0), geometry::Point(0,3.5,0), 3,2).AsTextZM() as project_point go test project_point ------------------------------------------------------- ----------------------------- Point has relationship with XYZM circular arc POINT (1.698 6.791 -2.1 1.37) Point does not have relationship with XYM CircularSring NULL Point is on centre of the circular arc POINT (3 6.3246 -1) Point projects on to point half way along circular arc POINT (0 7 NULL 3.1)

## Documentation

- MySQL Spatial General Function Documentation
- Oracle Spatial Exporter Package Documentation
- Oracle Spatial Object Function Documentation
- Oracle Spatial Object Function Documentation (Multi Page Version)
- PostGIS pl/pgSQL Function Documentation
- SC4O Oracle Java Topology Suite (Stored Procedures) Package Documentation
- SQL Server Spatial General TSQL Function Documentation
- SQL Server Spatial LRS TSQL Function Documentation